Multilateral Environmental Agreements


Multilateral Environmental Agreements


Ramsar Convention on Wetlands of International Importance especially as Waterfowl Habitat

Adopted: 2 February, 1971

Objective: The conservation and and wise use of all wetlands through local and national actions and international cooperation, as a contribution toward achieving sustainable development throughout the world.

Summary of the Convention:

  1. Parties agree to designate at least one wetland at the time of accession for inclusion in the List of Wetlands of International importance (the Ramsar List) and to promote its conservation, in addition to continue to designate suitable wetlands within its territory for the List (Aricle 2).
  2. Parties include wetland conservation considerations in the national land-use planning and to promote the “wise use” of wetlands in their territory (Article 3).
  3. Parties undertake to establish nature reserves in welands and promote training in the fields of wetland research, management, and wardening (Article 4).
  4. Parties agree to consult with other parties about the implementation of the Convention, especially in regard to transboundary wetlands, shared water systems, and shared species (Article 5).

1,933 sites have been designated as on the List of Wetlands of International Importance covering a total of 189,362,942 hectares.